AgricultureAgriculture remains a major part of the Spanish economy and employs, along with forestry and fishing, 7 percent of the labour force.
The two main agricultural products are grapes, used to make wine, and olives, used to make olive oil. Other main products include oranges, almonds, cereal grains (especially barley, wheat, and rice), vegetables (especially tomatoes and onions) and root crops (mainly potatoes and sugar beets).
The raising of livestock, especially sheep and goats, is an important industry. In 2002 livestock on farms included 24.3 million sheep, 23.9 million pigs, 6.4 million cattle, and 248,000 horses.
The fishing industry is important to the Spanish economy. The catch consists mostly of sardines, mussels, tuna, hake, and squid.
Spain is served by a large number of national and international commercial banks. The main stock exchanges are in Madrid, Barcelona, Bilbao, and Valencia.