Tuesday, 3 January 2012

New Zealand GDP Growth Rate

The Gross Domestic Product (GDP) in New Zealand expanded 0.80 percent in the third quarter of 2011 over the previous quarter. Historically, from 1987 until 2011, New Zealand's average quarterly GDP Growth was 0.56 percent reaching an historical high of 2.70 percent in September of 1999 and a record low of -2.60 percent in March of 1991. Over the past 20 years the government has transformed New Zealand from an agrarian economy dependent on concessionary British market access to a more industrialized, free market economy that can compete globally. This dynamic growth has boosted real incomes - but left behind some at the bottom of the ladder - and broadened and deepened the technological capabilities of the industrial sector. This page includes: New Zealand GDP Growth Rate chart, historical data, forecasts and news. Data is also available for New Zealand GDP Annual Growth Rate, which measures growth over a full economic year.

New Zealand GDP Up 0.8% in Q3
New Zealand Gross domestic product was up 0.8 percent in the September 2011 quarter, following a 0.1 percent increase in the June 2011 quarter. The increase in the latest quarter is the fourth consecutive quarter of growth following a decline of 0.1 percent in the September 2010 quarter.

In the September 2011 quarter, the increase in economic activity was due to rises of 0.5 percent in the services industries, 0.8 percent in the goods-producing industries, and 0.5 percent in the primary industries.

The main movements by industry this quarter were: manufacturing (up 2.3 percent) – food, beverage, and tobacco manufacturing was the largest contributor; retail, accommodation, and restaurants (up 2.5 percent) – the largest quarterly increase since the March 2007 quarter; finance, insurance, and business services (up 0.6 percent) – the fourth consecutive quarter of growth; construction (down 2.2 percent) – now at its lowest quarterly level since the June 2002 quarter.

The expenditure measure of GDP rose 1.0 percent in the September 2011 quarter. The expenditure and production measures of GDP are conceptually the same. The production measure of GDP measures the volume of goods and services produced in the economy, while the expenditure measure shows how those goods and services were used.

Economic activity for the year ended September 2011 was up 1.3 percent when compared with the year ended September 2010. Expenditure on GDP for the year ended September 2011 was up 1.4 percent when compared with the previous year.

GDP Growth Definition

Economic growth is the increase in value of the goods and services produced by an economy. It is conventionally measured as the percent rate of increase in real gross domestic product, or GDP. Growth is usually calculated in real terms, i.e. inflation-adjusted terms, in order to net out the effect of inflation on the price of the goods and services produced. In economics, "economic growth" or "economic growth theory" typically refers to growth of potential output, i.e., production at "full employment," which is caused by growth in aggregate demand or observed output.As economic growth is measured as the annual percent change of National Income it has all the advantages and drawbacks of that level variable. But people tend to attach a particular value to the annual percentage change, perhaps since it tells them what happens to their pay check.

The real GDP per capita of an economy is often used as an indicator of the average standard of living of individuals in that country, and economic growth is therefore often seen as indicating an increase in the average standard of living.However, there are some problems in using growth in GDP per capita to measure general well being.GDP per capita does not provide any information relevant to the distribution of income in a country. GDP per capita does not take into account negative externalities from pollution consequent to economic growth. Thus, the amount of growth may be overstated once we take pollution into account. GDP per capita does not take into account positive externalities that may result from services such as education and health. GDP per capita excludes the value of all the activities that take place outside of the market place (such as cost-free leisure activities like hiking).

Economists are well aware of these deficiencies in GDP, thus, it should always be viewed merely as an indicator and not an absolute scale. Economists have developed mathematical tools to measure inequality, such as the Gini Coefficient. There are also alternate ways of measurement that consider the negative externalities that may result from pollution and resource depletion (see Green Gross Domestic Product.)The flaws of GDP may be important when studying public policy, however, for the purposes of economic growth in the long run it tends to be a very good indicator. There is no other indicator in economics which is as universal or as widely accepted as the GDP.Economic growth is exponential, where the exponent is determined by the PPP annual GDP growth rate. Thus, the differences in the annual growth from country A to country B will multiply up over the years. For example, a growth rate of 5% seems similar to 3%, but over two decades, the first economy would have grown by 165%, the second only by 80%      

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